Learning Objectives

On completion of this Learning Unit, trainees will be capable of (Bloom taxonomy):

  • Comprehending the characteristics of a creative person;
  • Applying activities to stimulate creative thinking;
  • Defining thinking styles;
  • Classifying types of thinking styles;
  • Classifying thinking styles due to people’s behaviour;
  • Analysing a problem due to critical thinking;
  • Generating ideas for solving a problem;
  • Conducting a problem-solving activity;
  • Explaining what critical thinking is;
  • Explain the steps of SCAMPER method;
  • Apply the SCAMPER method during the lessons;
  • Developing modern pedagogy methods.


People associate creativity with arts like writing novels, painting, music, crafts, etc., they are all creative endeavours. Not all artists are creative thinkers. There are plenty of jobs that require creative thinking, in spite of having nothing to do with art and crafts. Creative thinking is a part of being creative which results in creativity.

Boden (2001) stated that creative thinking is the ability to bring new ideas that are surprising and valuable in many ways. Creative thinking is related to novelty, to the ability to create something, to implement new forms, to generate a lot of imaginative skills or to make something that already exists into something new (Greenstein, 2012). Furthermore, Abraham (2016) stated that creative thinking is a form of expressing oneself in a unique way.